When a client agency refers a case to the Department of Justice, the Office of Consumer Litigation (OCL) generally receives the referral and will either retain it or ask a United States Attorney’s Office (USAO) to handle the case. Frequently, OCL and the USAO work jointly on these matters. Established in 1971, the OCL enforces and defends the consumer protection programs of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), and the Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). OCL has responsibility for litigation under federal consumer protection laws. These include the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; the odometer tampering prohibitions of the Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act; the Consumer Product Safety Act; and a variety of laws administered by the Federal Trade Commission, such as the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act.